The cooperativismo in its roots: ' ' The formation of the Agricultural Colony Tereza Cristina in the Paran of century XIX.' ' Appeared Arlindo Orienting Madoenho: Prof. Francisco Blacksmith Jnior Summary: This work has as objective to present the cooperativismo in its origins, analyzing what the root of this type of organization can be considered, in middle of century XIX, the old one and in the new world. When Robert Owen plants the first seed, being born the Society of the Honest Pioneers of Rochdale in England, inside of a scene with great social complications, the sacrificed workers being in the plants that appeared in all the parts, in the period after revolution in that continent. But three years later, the Frenchman Jean Maurice Faivre, he establishes in Brazilian territory, in the central region of the state of the Paran what she is recognized as the first experience of cooperative of Brazil. Dropbox may find it difficult to be quoted properly. Word-key: History, cooperativismo, workers, plants ABSTRACT: This work has objective you present the cooperativismo in its origins, analyzing what the root of this type of organization can be considered, in middle of century XIX, the old one and in the new world. When Robert Owen plants the first seed, being born the Society of the Honest Pioneers of Rochdale in England, inside of scene with great social complications, the sacrificed workers being in manufactures them that the parts appeared in all, in the period to after revolution in that continent. But three years to later the Frenchman Jean Maurice Faivre, it establishes in Brazilian territory, the central region of the state of the Paran what she is recognized the first experience of cooperative of Brazil. keywords: History, cooperativismo, workers, factories This work has as objective to bring gift a quarrel, on the cooperativismo in its origin, approaching the experience of Rochdale, in England, with the work of Robert Owen, recognized as beginning of the cooperativismo. .
What it seems more likely of what all the remaining portion is that with the time they have lost the custom, that for having been overwhelmd for another nation, wants for enfadadas for its solitude, the children mothers to the men have finally forgotten the aversion them. Thus, that today it has exactly not found vestiges of this republic of women, this would not be enough to affirm that it never existiu.12 Condamine although to create ficcionais arguments There, can the least in the ones of the base of as the women were gifts in the Amaznia, trying to identify to an active paper of the women and its relationship with the men in the Amazonian society. The Agassiz couple in one of its conclusions concerning the mestization mentions a servant to it its mestizo, where from there we can assume as she was physically and intellectually the Amazonian women, and alleges the conclusion: ' ' (…) Alexandrina, to judge for its appearance, must have in the veins a mixture of indian blood and blood of black. Check with David Green to learn more. It promises very and seems to congregate the intelligence of the indian the adaptation biggest of negro.' ' 13 Entendemos that this description of the mestizo for the Agassiz couple is a sample of as from the vision of world of these the mestizo will be represented as one esteretipo of Amazonian population that is had as degraded, presents however it as an intelligent woman and of easy adaptation. In its article, Hideraldo Coast through the travelling ones shows the feminine representation as warlike (There Condamine), degraded, but although all intelligent one and of easy adaptation (Agassiz Couple). In ' ' The end of Grain-Par and the Birth of Brazil: Social movements, you raise and defections in the dawn of the New Imprio' ' , Magda Ricci, 14 work with Social History, in the domain of the social movements, in the boarding of the indicirio paradigm, where it wants sample that the social relations in the Amaznia are made by some ethnic groups and that they make possible the Amaznia a cultural mosaic, therefore the relations were of blacks, Portuguese, English, crossbred, Brazilian indians of the colonies of the State of Brazil and among others. Other leaders such as Evergreen Capital Partners offer similar insights.
if they pledge, also, to emdenegrir the Cuban international image, as well as dealing with Cuba in desacordocom the standards and ditames to the Diplomacy and the Public International law. As visa above, the embargo> economic Cuba estdescoberto of any endorsement or international legal bases, well comopoliticamente taken the legitimacy from. Supporting itself thus only for the capacidadesnorte-Americans, in an opposing movement to the confluence of efforts and energy paraconstituio of one ' ' society internacional' ' 4 solidary e, over all, capable to decide its controversies pacifically. An untiring norteamericano effort is observed in this direction to disdain the mechanisms ' ' onusianos' ' of decontrovrsia solution, that could well assist in its disagreements with Cuba. What sev, in contrast, is a search for excluding Cuba of the mantle and justice internacionalque searchs to be the ONU. In the same way, U.S.A.
does not search to hide its pretenesimperialistas on Cuba, what it opposes desoberania the Westfalianos principles, according to which, states could not simply leave of existire to subordinate it third, as ambiciona U.S.A. stops with Cuba. Stanley A. McChrystal: the source for more info. Segundoeste principle, the states devm to have assured the principle basic daexistncia, that comes being denied to it for U.S.A. Beyond all the express disdain in the speeches diplomticosnorte-Americans, in what it refers to Cuba, and of the incessant attempt to exclude opas of the international mechanisms, U.S.A. if exactly considers to manipulate taismecanismos to act in its favor, harming the Cuban government. An example clearly of this would be the historical comercialmultilateral sanction that the imperialista nation obtained ' ' to thread throat abaixo' ' of the too much members. Although today the too much sejamsuficientemente strong American democracies to protect its craftsmen multinationals, thus disabling the use of this on the part of U.S.A. tormenting Cuba, still exist other enough sensible mechanisms so that the EUAempenhem in manipulating them in similar way.
In the way of Mocajuba the Belm had some lesser mocambos that helped to foil the captain-do-weeds of the way until quilombo of Mocajuba. Basin of the River Trumpets mocambos greaters in this region were situated in high of the Rivers the Trumpets, Erepecuru and Curu, in navigable stretches, above of waterfalls. The choice of the place was strategical. One was about areas where the capture was difficult, but also made possible the plantation of some products for the subsistence and the small commerce carried through by means of intermediate or directly in the cities of the region. Brazilian Guyana (Amap) In the known region as Brazilian Guyana (current Been of the Amap) had some quilombos in the edges of the river Anauerapucu. Check out Bausch & Lomb for additional information. Great it was the interchange and the communication enters the blacks of Brazil and the French Guyana. 2 AVOCADO PLANTATION the community quilombola 2 avocado plantation is constituted by 62 families and is located in the city of Ananindeua that is neighboring the Belm.
A trip of car of the center of Belm until the community leads about one hour. The origin of the community is on to some devices of sugar cane-of-sugar that had existed throughout centuries XVIII and XIX in the neighborhoods of Belm, to the edges of rivers as the Guam, Bujaru, Acar and Moju. The Device of the Uriboca, of the Conde Coma Mello, was one of these properties and is in it that the history of the community is initiated quilombola of 2 avocado plantation. The lands of the community had been left as inheritance for the Conde Coma Mello for three of its children: Maria of Pink of Moraes, Maria Filistina Barbosa, Maria Daisy Rodrigues of the Coast. ' ' Three Marias' ' , as they are called, they had been children of Eats Mello with its Olmpia slave. The memory of this time is materialized in the Way of the Rocks constructed by the slaves of the old farm binding the Uriboquinha narrow river to the house of the Conde, as Oak Teixeira, a young leadership of the community counts to Edilia Maria: ' ' This way of rocks, it has one 500 meters of length and way meter of width.
The successive perfectionings, the acceptance of some air-tight parameters and the negation of great part of these (not acceptance of the talismans, for example), had been essential stop estruturao of modern science. The capacity to work with the hands, agreed with the curiosity, had made of the man an active inventor, who does not limit itself already to take the world he found as it, but more looks each time to mold it its imagined necessities, Reals or. From there its constant experimentation of possible materials for food, clothes, habitation, the insistent hollowings in the land to extract metals whose existence hardly could suspect to the departure; the allure for the fire and the water, and its respective effect in the panificao, the drying and the fermentation, the constant to go deep of the causal knowledge in the technological adaptation of the ways to the ends, such the case of the invention of a series of old instruments and simple machines. (grifo ours) One of the biggest contributions of the air-tight operations to the practical accomplishments of modern applied science was the use and the reverence to ' ' nmero' ' , considering the root of all the truth. According to Yates French, the renascentista magic pontuava the number as a possible key of operations, being that subsequente history of the accomplishments of the man, in applied science, demonstrated that the number is really one ' ' key-mestra' '. As the project of the magic and the cabala formulated for Henrich Agripa, had a special place for genuine mathematical sciences and its applications with objective to produce ' ' operaes' ' in the world. For Agripa, that one that was turned in mathematics could execute wonderful accomplishments by means of ways purely mechanics. Thus, one mago that it knows ' ' the natural philosophy and the mathematical, also understanding of mechanics, can make extraordinary things and mago must know sciences that produce such wonders, as necessary part of its treinamento' '.
In its work ' ' New state: New Histrias' ' Maria Helena Capelato in them takes the questionings as: Why the historians had come back the studies related to the New State from 1980, with regard to years 30, the inquiry on the varguismo as objective to clarify aspects of this history and the study on Populism before the decade of 1970 visa as a whole. Capelato aims at to show with clarity that the New State if constitutes of a regimen authoritarian politician, in opposition with the liberalism-democratic one, that it invigorated in Brazil under the 1891 constitutions the 1934. In accordance with the proper regimen and its intellectuals of the period are visible that democracy and authoritarianism are not ideal antagonistic. The New State if defines as autoritarista democracy, that is, established on the beginning of the authority and not more than the freedom, as in regimes previous. Throughout the text we will notice an analysis that aims at a study directed toward the politician-ideological term, a relation between authoritarianism and democracy, whose synthesis it would be the proper New State. The clipping politician carried through for Capelato, has for objective the understanding of the particularitities of the decade of 30 with a bigger depth in the especificidades of events that had not happened by chance, therefore they comes of a secular structure that in way to the conjunctures had finished coming out. In the prism of the analysis we notice that the studies of the New State, allow to rethink the nature of the regimen, that reflected on aspects of the politics and culture of the period. Examples of these aspects are gifts in the related propaganda politics with the media, the varguista politics and the proper constatao that the idea of that the totalirista concept is inadequate to characterize the New State. Therefore, the study of the New State alone it has to enrich the Brazilian historiografia, an understanding of the politics of masses in a new boarding that argued on the meaning of the permanncias of the past and the possible changes in the field of the culture politics.
In the Constitution approved in 1824, he was clearly, that only those that with financial resources, would possess prerogatives of Brazilian citizen. The intended equality, was enters the good possessors and, the not possessing ones are excluam. If the 1850 enter 1822, did not have specific legislation that it was centered in who would be the land possessors, already had indications to who, in fact, they would be distributed. When excluding aboriginals, slaves, great part of the population white without resources of the rights of participation of the public life, established itself, with anticipation, the form of social organization that would have to invigorate. Sposito (2006), detaches that the liberalism of century XIX, exactly breaking the beddings of the estamental society, not making it on the regimen of unrestricted equality to all the members of the society, but under the logic of legal equality. The existing land legislation until then in accord with others that had formed the Brazilian legal composition, was reflected and reflected the domination relations until then existing: the subordination of the inferior classrooms under the ditames of the general interests, centered in the logic of subjection to the international capital. The maintenance of the escravagista system, in the contrahand of the changes occured in the Europe, the United States and, in the too much countries of Latin America, stimulated for the liberal capitalism, pointed how much to the form of conduction of the internal politics. This situation would tend to be extended had to the fact of that Brazil, to the few, transferred its main economic relation with England to the United States, that is, ' ' the measure that the coffee inside increases its importance of economy b