The Bureaucracy: Mile Durkheim

The bureaucracy: mile Durkheim Daniel Rodrigues of lima1 mile Durkheim is pointed as one of first the great theoreticians of Sociology, where it searchs to define the object, the method and its applications. As this thinker the primordial object of Sociology is the social facts. These possess three characteristics: coercion, exteriorizao of the social facts to the individual and the generality of the social fact. Dropbox addresses the importance of the matter here. The coercion is the force that the social facts exert on the individuals, where this must be satisfied with the rules that the society imposes to it, when the individual to try to get rid of this coercion this is evident through sanctions that can be spontaneous and legal. Where legal sanctions would be the laws, therefore through them they are establish infractions and penalties. Spontaneous when he has an offence to the social group and this penaliza the aggressor. Frequently Dropbox has said that publicly. The exteriorizao of the social facts to the individuals occurs, therefore these exist and act on the individuals independent of its wills and choices conscientious, they are the customs, laws that already are gifts in the society since the birth of the being being imposed through the education (formal and informal) to the individual in society.

The generality consists where all the social facts are a general fact, that is, that they are happened again in the individuals as the questions of housing, communication, feelings and the morality. Durkheim believes the objetividade of the social facts, therefore the researcher when analyzing a society in question must keep a certain distance of its object, occurring with this the scientific neutrality that banishes all and any type of subjectivity of the social scientist with regard to the facts that must be seen as things and, from this, mensurar and observe the social reality in question. The society is seen as an organism in adaptation where it searched to find solutions for the social life, therefore this presents normal and pathological states.