Brazilian Economy

Summary the Brazilian Economy in Forced March Antonio Barros de Castro and Francisco Eduardo Saucers of Souza Rio De Janeiro, Peace and Land, 1985 the book ' ' The Brazilian Economy in Forada&#039 March; ' it is composed in three chapters, of which to be it about the first one, that it tells ' ' Adjustment x Transformation? The Brazilian economy of 1974 1984' ' , in which the author Antonio Barros de Castro emphasizes the structural transformation that Brazil suffered to face the resultant problems of the high growth and of the great volume of importation that took the economy to the collapse. In the year of 1982, Brazil arrived at the height of a crisis that if drew since the crisis of ' ' Miracle econmico' ' , in 1974, in which the raw material necessity, oil and machines went beyond the capacity to matter. After the second half of the decade of 70, if of a side had the sped up growth and the necessity to import each time more, of another one Brazil went accumulating problems, that had resulted in the external indebtedness, deficit in the Trade balance and negative balance in international the liquid reserves. In this manner, it enters the years of 1983-1984, the country needed to find ways to revert this picture and to consolidate itself thus in the external market and, one of the main adopted measures was to contain the importations, that enter the years of 82 and 84, presented a considerable fall of 33%. To the violent fall in the importations, one adds other measures adopted for the government, as the containment of dficits public by means of the rise of the tax burden, restriction to the bank credit, changes in the wage politics and still high in the prices of oil derivatives, that together with raw materials, in 1982 represented 78% of the importations. .

So Paulo

As much in the state abrangncia how much municipal, the sprouting of public politics of solidary economy in Brazil, has been increasing, considered recent process in the public agenda of the country. The first public politics of solidary economy retrace to years 1990, when state and municipal governments had started to create structures and to develop programs and action with sights to support and to foment economic alternatives under gide of collective and democratic management (SINGER, 2004 practical; VASCONCELOS, 2007). In the state scope, Alves (2006) and Icaza (2006) they observe as precursory the government of the State of the Rio Grande Do Sul in the period of 1999 the 2002, through the Program of Popular and Solidary Economy tied with the Secretariat of Development and International Subjects, whose performance was on to the promotion of the associative economic organization, mainly, of the groups of low income (VASCONCELOS, 2007). Particularly, the pioneering municipality of public politics of solidary economy, detaches Alves (2006), was the City hall of Porto Alegre (RS), initiate in the decade of 1990, that it finished generating a set of politics that served of example for other cities as: Recife (FOOT), Belm (Par), Chapec (SC), Belo Horizonte (MG), So Paulo (SP) and Osasco (SP) (POCHMANN, 2004; SENAES, NET OF MANAGERS, CENTER OF STUDIES, 2008). It becomes appreciable in this description to stand out, that the problem of the unemployment and the social exclusion was considered factor that contributed of special form for the implementation of the politics public of solidary economy in these localities. Before this scene of experiences of state governments and municipal detainers of public politics of solidary economy in Brazil, fit, in this quarrel, to evidence the Net of Managers of Public Politics of Solidary Economy. Non-profit organization, the Net of Managers of Public Politics of Solidary Economy, is a composed articuladora Net of managers and managers of politics of solidary economy of city halls and state governments.